Tories hate the mentally ill

Apparently it’s World Mental Health Day today. Woo! Phaaaaaaa. (That was the sound of one of those party blower things.) Ceeee-le-brate good times, come on! Dun dun dun dun, dun, dun dun duuun!

People – and for once I’ll include myself in that category – sometimes use dates like this as convenient little nudges to write about our own experiences and assure each other that we’re not alone and that the support is there for those who need it. Being immersed in such positive vibes, it becomes easy to think that mental health is that rare issue on which everyone agrees; for once, we are all pulling in the same direction and making progress. Aside from a few traitorous chemicals in our own brains, there are no villains here.

But the fact is, there are villains in this story, some of them so clear-cut and cartoonish that they could have sprung from the pages of a Dickens novel. In the UK, at least, these villains call themselves the Conservative Party.

Yes, I’m getting political. Sorry. I’ve never really believed in the divide some people seem to perceive between politics and the real world. If there is a divide at all, it is so narrow that politicians can easily hop across it and start ruining the real lives of real people whenever the fancy takes them. So while it may be bad manners to talk politics over dinner, sometimes it becomes necessary, particularly if the DWP are in the process of repossessing your dinner table, smashing your crockery and eating your baked potato.

For those lucky enough not to know, the DWP (Department of Work and Pensions) is in charge of the UK’s benefits system, a labyrinth of perma-busy phone lines, endless forms and intimidating face-to-face “assessments” which people who are struggling to find work, for whatever reason, must navigate to have a chance at receiving financial support from the government. The current system is partially a holdover from the previous Labour administration, but was made significantly harsher when the Tories took it over in 2010, citing the desire to stamp out what they perceived as an “institutionalised idleness” in the benefit-claiming population. When you hear about benefits in the UK, you’re usually hearing about all the people who claim them fraudulently – “scroungers”, you might hear them called – and you’re being encouraged to hate them because while you’re out sweating at work doing whatever it is you do (which I’m sure is downright essential to the smooth running of civilisation), they’re at home laughing at you and doing drugs and generally living it up on their cushy allowance of somewhere around £73 per week (the standard rate of ESA – Employment and Support Allowance). And probably being foreign too, while they’re at it.

On occasion scandalous figures are provided to back this up – benefit fraud costs taxpayers over a billion pounds per year! But this is fairly meaningless unless put into some sort of context – this study, for example, shows that benefit fraud accounts for a little over 1% of total benefit claims, while this one shows that it accounts for around 2% of the overall amount lost to fraud in the UK annually, paling in comparison to, for example, corporate tax evasion. In addition, I would be surprised if the amount lost to benefit fraud were anywhere near the amount that ought to have been paid to people whose benefits the DWP have unfairly stopped, or who haven’t been able to face the stress of the system even to claim benefits they are technically entitled to. The horror stories are enough to put anyone off – particularly, I would suggest, the sorts of vulnerable people who might be among those most in need of the exact support that lies at the centre of the nightmarish labyrinth.

In recent years, the UK’s face-to-face benefit assessments in particular have developed a reputation for being unfair and stressful to the point of being inhumane. The United Nations has put together several reports attacking the UK government for, among other things, “totally neglecting the vulnerable situation people with disabilities find themselves in” and describing its various cuts to support for disabled people (justified by the government as part of their necessary austerity package to help the UK economy) as “a human catastrophe”. In recent years, vulnerable people with mental health issues and other disabilities have been forced into poverty and even driven to suicide. (And please, if you’re going to follow one link from this blog post, make it that last one.)

Clumsy attempts have been made to distinguish people with mental health conditions from those with “real” disabilities, though these have generally been met with justified contempt by charities and campaigners. In what appeared to be an ill-considered attempt to divide and rule, a Tory MP said in a 2017 interview that he found it “bizarre” that they were giving financial support to people with conditions such as anxiety, and that they should instead be focusing on “the really disabled people who need it”. His subsequent apology was welcome, but would mean a lot more if he and his party weren’t continuing to run the DWP as though the legitimacy and debilitating effects of mental health conditions like anxiety and depression were somehow still in doubt.

The DWP’s complete disregard for both accepted medical opinion and the lived experiences of people with mental illness is demonstrated quite plainly in their 2016 changes to the wording of PIP (Personal Independence Payment) assessments. PIP is intended to provide disabled people with extra money for their everyday support needs, using a points-based system to assess the amount of financial aid (if any) a person will be granted. However, in a question about the subject’s ability to make journeys on their own, a significant caveat was added. Several lines such as “Cannot follow the route of an unfamiliar journey without another person, assistance dog or orientation aid” were amended with the phrase “for reasons other than psychological distress”, essentially disqualifying many mental health problems such as anxiety and depression from being recognised as valid or significant factors in people’s ability to function.

This change was later overturned in a High Court ruling which called it “blatantly discriminatory”, but it still serves as a fairly unambiguous demonstration of the true mindset of the people in charge of the UK benefits system, a mindset that casts people suffering “psychological distress” either as fakers or as the sort of people who hopefully won’t have the strength to complain too much if we kick them while they’re down. If you ever hear a Conservative say they’re treating mental health with the same seriousness as physical health, that one little change to PIP should be all the reason you need to disbelieve them.

My own experiences with the benefits system are entirely in line with the above, but I won’t go into too much depth about them here. I’m lucky enough to have financial support from my family, and so despite having my benefits stopped for dubious reasons only a few months after my doctor suggested I apply for them, I am in no imminent danger of starving or becoming homeless. If I do need help, there are many thousands of other people in the UK right now whose need is greater. That is the reason I don’t feel too self-serving writing this post. Sadly it’s often harder to stand up for your own rights than someone else’s, and infinitely more so if you have the sort of bastard brain that frequently informs you you’re a non-person who doesn’t deserve the same respect, opportunities or happiness as other people. But the idea of people in worse situations than me, and without the support network I’m lucky enough to have, having to fight their way through layers of hostile and dehumanising bureaucracy only to be denied the most basic degree of financial support? I have no hesitation in saying loud and clear that that’s unconscionable, and I’ll fight anyone who disagrees.

The benefits system is of course just one aspect of the UK’s flawed but still vitally important support network for people with mental health problems, and there are many more ways in which the Tories are fumbling their responsibilities to vulnerable people that I could get into here, but this post is long enough already, and I don’t want to diverge too far from things I have personal experience of, in case I get them horribly wrong.

Finally, a wee bit of a nudge from me to you, because the point of this post is certainly not to put people off claiming benefits. If you need benefits, apply for them. If you need help to do so, look for it – if you don’t have family or friends who are good at that sort of stuff, rest assured there are still wonderful people out there, including charities which can help you through the process. If your case is rejected, appeal. (I didn’t, and given the sheer volume of decisions I’ve learned are overturned on appeal, I’ve been regretting it ever since.) The DWP, whatever cuddly words they say, will try to stop you and put you off at every turn, but if you let them, they win.

Most of all, if you care the slightest bit about mental health, don’t vote Conservative.

Sources:

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2010/jul/30/iain-duncan-smith-benefits-system

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-2017-39980793

https://www.cas.org.uk/features/myth-busting-real-figures-benefit-fraud

https://www.mind.org.uk/news-campaigns/legal-news/legal-newsletter-september-2017/committee-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities/

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/nov/01/i-have-lost-hope-the-people-with-mental-health-problems-who-are-being-stripped-of-their-benefits

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/disability-benefit-claimants-attempted-suicides-fit-to-work-assessment-i-daniel-blake-job-centre-dwp-a8119286.html

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/feb/27/may-adviser-george-freeman-regrets-benefits-disabled-people-anxiety

https://pipinfo.net/activities/planning-and-following-journeys

https://www.mentalhealthandmoneyadvice.org/scot/top-tips-advice/what-the-2018-pip-ruling-means-for-those-living-with-mental-health-issues/

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/prime-minister-unveils-plans-to-transform-mental-health-support

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/jan/27/mental-health-crisis-huge-increasing-share-police-time-40

https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/benefits/

Thoughts on Scottish independence

A few warnings first: this post will basically be me trying to get all my thoughts on the subject of Scottish independence out of my head and onto virtual paper where hopefully they’ll look less contradictory and confusing. It’ll be way too long, and more political than I usually like to get here. I’m not trying to change anyone’s opinion, just working through my own thoughts, as the title of my blog implies. Ignoring them is not only possible, it is probably wise – especially if you have a distaste for idealistic left-wing ramblings.

I was born in Scotland and have lived here all my life. From my grandmother back, my mum’s ancestry (of which she has made impressively thorough maps) is almost entirely Scottish. But my parents and brother were born in England and we all have English accents – though in an unsuccessful attempt to fit in at primary school I adopted a weird fake Scottish accent which has now become just as natural to me. (Is that weird? Subject for another blog in the “my messed up brain” series, perhaps.)

This is Scotland. I like it.

This is Scotland. I like it.

Some people tell me that all this obviously means I’m Scottish, others tell me it means I’m English, but these assertions always leave me utterly baffled. What do these words mean? If defining them involves feeding numerous factors through complex equations that vary depending on who you ask, what’s the point of trying to force people into such rigid categories in the first place? Why should they have any relevance to anyone, ever?

So I’ve never felt any real sense of identification with either Scotland or England. Not patriotism, certainly – not even that pervasive jokey kind of patriotism which for English people is something along the lines of “It’s so funny how we’re only happy when we’re grumbling about things! Have a lovely cup of tea, that’ll make everything better! Stiff upper lip, pip pip!” and for Scottish people goes something like “It’s so funny how much more gritty and down-to-earth we are than those English pansies! Aye, we like tae go an’ get pished, ma son. Freeeeedoooom!”

My sense of outsiderhood is not something I think would be fixed by an independent Scotland. Which is fine, it’s the way I am. But typing all that out does help reinforce my conviction that my views are not influenced by any hidden undercurrent of national identity. As someone who’s still unable to get his head around why anything short of a complete open borders policy towards the entire world isn’t considered fundamentally racist, I think it’s safe to say I don’t quite get the concept of nations.

As such, I hate the idea of siding with a party with “national” in its name. It makes me very wary. I spent a while before the last election poring over the SNP’s manifesto, looking for suspicious parallels to the policies of the BNP (Britain’s favourite far-right “we’re not racist but ha just kidding we are in fact massively racist” political party). Even after reading all the SNP’s pleasant sounding policies and seeing them described on Wikipedia as a “centre-left” party, I still don’t quite feel comfortable with that N in their name. But I’ve managed to dismiss this as a largely irrational bias and vote for them a couple of times – more due to a lack of other desirable options than anything else. The question of Scottish independence didn’t enter much into this decision, as I knew that question would be asked via a separate referendum, so a vote for the SNP was not in itself a vote for independence.

But the referendum is coming, and I’ve been trying to get to grips with the question. Should Scotland break apart from the UK and become independent? I used to think the answer was obvious: no. But as with many obvious answers, I hadn’t really bothered to examine it. Now I’m not so sure. On closer inspection, a lot of the pro-union opinions I’ve heard come across as just as nationalistic as the pro-independence opinions – they’re merely nationalistic about the UK rather than about Scotland. “Look at our great nation, together we can do anything! Look at all these great things we’ve done together! You’re not seriously suggesting that anything could be better than this?”

This is England. I like it too.

This is England. I like it too.

But if anything is justification for devolving power, surely it’s the clear, long term split in political inclinations between the population of Scotland and the population of England. A far greater proportion of Scottish people vote for left-wing parties, to the point that the Conservatives often come in fourth place overall here (behind the SNP, Labour and the Lib Dems, all relatively left-wing parties), even while they come first in England. The current Scottish parliament (opened in 1999, with limited powers and still beholden to the UK government on many matters) is a battlefield primarily between Labour and the SNP, both parties whose basic political ideologies (if not always their methods) are generally okay by me.

So maybe my attraction to Scottish independence is a selfish thing. It would certainly be nice to live somewhere where I could open a paper and read about politicians having mature debates about nuanced, progressive issues, rather than depressingly dredging up old ones that should have been put to bed decades ago with a simple “well, duh”. (Two recent examples: “Should we be paying taxes to help people who are disabled or sick?” and “Should gay people have the same rights as straight people?”) On the other hand, it might feel like throwing the rest of the UK to the Tories, which I would feel guilty about. But should I? If the majority of people in England really do want to keep electing Tory governments, I guess they should have the right to. And if the majority of people in Scotland want to move in a different direction, shouldn’t they have the right to do that too? Maybe Scotland and England’s political destinies should not be tied together as closely as they are now.

I’ve heard conflicting soundbites about Scotland’s ability to survive as an independent economy – some say it relies on subsidies from the rest of the UK, others claim it more than pays its share. It’s frustrating not to know enough about economics to be able to sort the truth from the lies, but honestly things would inevitably change anyway. I don’t think anyone knows what’ll happen to the Scottish and UK economies if this split happens; especially following recent world events I’m extremely unconvinced that economists ever truly know what they’re talking about. But surely the absolute most important question a democratic society can ask is “Does our government fairly represent the people?”, and everything else must follow from there – it doesn’t matter how good the economy is if the government wasn’t elected fairly. Maybe this is an embarrassingly naive thing to say, but economies ought to be shaped to serve the needs of the people, rather than holding them hostage and preventing them from ever changing the political power structure.

My current leaning towards independence comes with so many caveats that it might not count as support as such. I’ll certainly be trying to process all the rational arguments for and against in the lead-up to the referendum, while at the same time trying to filter out the romanticisation, scaremongering and pseudo-intellectual white noise that makes up the majority of the “debate” from both sides. I hope anyone with a say in the matter will join me in doing so.